The Wealth of Networks

How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom

Yochai Benkler

Yale University Press
New Haven and London

Copyright © 2006 by Yochai Benkler.

This online version is available under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Sharealike license - see - and has been reformatted and designated as recommended reading for the NGO Committee on Education of the Conference Of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations in conjunction with the Committee's commitment to the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World, the Millennium Development Goals and related international agreements, conventions and treaties.

For Deb, Noam, and Ari

"Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree, which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing."

"Such are the differences among human beings in their sources of pleasure, their susceptibilities of pain, and the operation on them of different physical and moral agencies, that unless there is a corresponding diversity in their modes of life, they neither obtain their fair share of happiness, nor grow up to the mental, moral, and aesthetic stature of which their nature is capable."

John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859)

Wealth of Networks - Tümü TEK DOSYA


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Chapter 1 Introduction: A Moment of Opportunity and Challenge

Part One The Networked Information Economy

Chapter 2 Some Basic Economics of Information Production and Innovation

Chapter 3 Peer Production and Sharing

Chapter 4 The Economics of Social Production

Part Two: The Political Economy of Property and Commons

Chapter 5 Individual Freedom: Autonomy, Information, and Law

Chapter 6 Political Freedom Part 1: The Trouble with Mass Media

Chapter 7 Political Freedom Part 2: Emergence of the Networked Public Sphere

Chapter 8 Cultural Freedom: A Culture Both Plastic and Critical

Chapter 9 Justice and Development

Chapter 10 Social Ties: Networking Together

Part Three: Policies of Freedom at a Moment of Transformation

Chapter 11 The Battle Over the Institutional Ecology of the Digital Environment

Chapter 12 Conclusion: The Stakes of Information Law and Policy


How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom

Yochai Benkler

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Benkler, Yochai.

The wealth of networks : how social production transforms markets and freedom / Yochai Benkler.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN-13: 978-0-300-11056-2 (alk. paper)

ISBN-10: 0-300-11056-1 (alk. paper)

1. Information society. 2. Information networks. 3. Computer networks-Social aspects. 4. Computer networks-Economic aspects.

I. Title.

HM851.B457 2006

303.48'33-dc22 2005028316

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

The paper in the published copy of this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources.

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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